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What is the use of the "difference" function in Python?

In Python, the difference() function is used to perform the set difference operation. The set difference between two sets is a new set that contains the elements that are present in the first set but not in the second set. The difference() function can take one or more sets as arguments and returns a new set that represents the difference. Here's an example:

set1 = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
set2 = {4, 5, 6, 7}

difference_set = set1.difference(set2)
print(difference_set)  # Output: {1, 2, 3}

In this example, the difference() function is used to compute the difference between set1 and set2. The resulting set difference_set contains the elements that are in set1 but not in set2, which are 3.

The difference() function can also be invoked using the minus operator (-) as a shorthand notation:

set1 = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
set2 = {4, 5, 6, 7}

difference_set = set1 - set2
print(difference_set)  # Output: {1, 2, 3}

Both approaches produce the same result: a new set that contains the elements present in the first set but not in the second set.

The difference() function is useful when you want to find the elements that are unique to a particular set or want to remove specific elements from a set. It can be handy for set operations such as filtering data, finding distinct values, or removing unwanted items from a set based on certain criteria.

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