How does Go handle data compression and encoding?

Go has built-in packages for data compression and encoding. The compress package provides implementations of various compression algorithms, including gzip, deflate, and snappy. These algorithms can be used to compress and decompress data in memory or from input/output streams.

Go also has packages for encoding and decoding data in various formats, such as JSON, XML, and protocol buffers. The **encoding/json** package provides a simple way to encode and decode JSON data, while the **encoding/xml** package provides similar functionality for XML. The **protobuf** package provides support for the Google Protocol Buffers serialization format.

Additionally, Go has built-in support for encoding and decoding binary data using the **encoding/binary** package. This package provides functions for reading and writing values in different byte orders and data types, which is useful for working with binary data formats.

Overall, Go's support for data compression and encoding is robust and flexible, making it well-suited for working with a wide variety of data formats and protocols.

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