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What is the difference between a module and a package in Python?

In Python, a module is a single file that contains Python definitions and statements. A module is imported into a Python script using the **import** keyword, and the definitions and statements within the module can be accessed using dot notation (e.g., **module_name.definition_name**).

A package, on the other hand, is a directory that contains one or more Python modules. In addition to modules, a package may contain other packages, which allows for hierarchical organization of code. A package is imported into a Python script in a similar way to a module, but with the added level of hierarchy (e.g., **package_name.module_name.definition_name**). To create a package, you need to create a directory with an **__init__.py** file (which can be empty) in the package directory.

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