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What is the use of the "count" function in Python?

In Python, the count() function is part of the itertools module and is used to generate an infinite arithmetic progression of numbers. It returns an iterator that produces consecutive values starting from a specified number, with a specified step size.

The count() function takes two optional arguments:

  • start (default: 0): The number to start the arithmetic progression from.
  • step (default: 1): The difference between consecutive numbers in the arithmetic progression.

Here's an example to demonstrate the usage of the count() function:

import itertools

for num in itertools.count(1, 2):
    print(num)

# Output: 1 3 5 7 9 ...

In this example, the count() function generates an infinite sequence of numbers starting from 1 with a step of 2. The for loop iterates over the count() iterator and prints each number. Since the count() iterator is infinite, the loop continues indefinitely, generating and printing consecutive odd numbers.

The count() function is commonly used when you need to generate an infinite sequence of numbers or iterate over a large range of numbers efficiently. It allows you to create a generator for arithmetic progressions without the need to manually define a loop or maintain a counter variable.

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