What is the "elif" statement in Python and how to use it?

The **elif** statement in Python is a shorthand for "else if". It is used to check multiple conditions in an **if** statement. 

The syntax is as follows:

if condition1:
    # Execute this block if condition1 is True
elif condition2:
    # Execute this block if condition1 is False and condition2 is True
    # Execute this block if both condition1 and condition2 are False

The **elif** statement is used to test multiple conditions in an **if** statement, and if a condition is True, the corresponding block of code will be executed. If all the conditions are False, the code in the **else** block will be executed. It is useful in situations where you want to test multiple conditions and take different actions based on the result of each test.

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