What is the difference between Go's debugging and logging techniques for tracking and tracing the behavior and events of Go programs for various purposes and scenarios?
Debugging and logging are two different techniques used in Go programs for different purposes.
Debugging is the process of identifying and fixing errors or issues in a program. It involves using tools and techniques to examine the state of the program at various points in its execution, such as examining variables, stack traces, and memory usage. In Go, the built-in debugger is the "delve" tool, which can be used to attach to running Go processes, set breakpoints, and examine the state of the program.
Logging, on the other hand, is the process of recording events or messages generated by a program to a log file or another output destination. This is useful for tracking the behavior of a program, identifying issues, and understanding how the program is being used. In Go, the built-in logging package "log" provides a simple way to write log messages to a file or standard output.
In summary, debugging is focused on identifying and fixing errors in the program, while logging is focused on recording events and messages for analysis and understanding of the program's behavior.