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How does Go support devops and infrastructure management, and what are the best practices for devops and infrastructure management in Go programs?

Go provides various tools and libraries for devops and infrastructure management. One of the main tools for building and deploying Go applications is the go command-line tool, which supports compiling, testing, and running Go applications.

Go also provides several packages in its standard library for building networked services, such as the **net/http** package for building HTTP servers and clients, and the **net/rpc** package for building remote procedure call (RPC) services.

For infrastructure management, Go provides several packages for interacting with system resources, such as the **os** package for accessing operating system functionality, the **syscall** package for calling low-level system functions, and the **os/exec** package for running external commands.

In addition to the standard library, there are also many third-party libraries and tools available for Go that can assist with devops and infrastructure management, such as **docker**, **kubernetes**, and **terraform**.

Best practices for devops and infrastructure management in Go programs include:

Using version control: Use a version control system like **git** to keep track of changes to your code and collaborate with other team members.

Building and testing automation: Use automation tools like **make** or **go generate** to build and test your applications, and integrate them with continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) pipelines.

Configuration management: Use configuration management tools like **Ansible**, **Puppet**, or **Chef** to manage and deploy configuration changes to your infrastructure.

Monitoring and logging: Use tools like **Prometheus** or **Grafana** for monitoring and **ELK** stack for logging your applications and infrastructure.

Security: Follow best practices for secure coding and use security tools like **Vault**, **Keycloak** or **HashiCorp Sentinel** to manage access and secrets.

Documentation: Document your code and infrastructure using tools like **Swagger** or **OpenAPI**.

Code reviews: Conduct regular code reviews to ensure that your code is maintainable and adheres to best practices.

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