How does Go handle concurrency, and what are the various mechanisms it provides for managing concurrent processes?

Go was designed with concurrency in mind and provides several mechanisms for managing concurrent processes. These mechanisms include goroutines, channels, and the select statement.

Goroutines are lightweight threads of execution that can be created easily and executed concurrently with other goroutines within the same address space. Goroutines are started by the **go** keyword followed by a function call, which creates a new goroutine that runs concurrently with the current goroutine.

Channels are a communication mechanism that allows goroutines to communicate with each other and synchronize their execution. A channel is a typed conduit through which values can be passed between goroutines. Channels can be used for both synchronous and asynchronous communication between goroutines.

The select statement is used to wait on multiple channels simultaneously and block until data is received on any one of them. It is often used in combination with channels to create complex synchronization patterns between goroutines.

Go also provides several synchronization primitives such as mutexes, wait groups, and atomic operations for managing shared resources and ensuring proper synchronization between goroutines.

Overall, Go's concurrency mechanisms are designed to make it easy to write highly concurrent and parallel programs while maintaining simplicity and safety.

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